Education, Nationalism and Global Exchange: The Origins of Sun Yi-xian Chinese Nationalism in Colonial Hong Kong as an Empirical Case Study
Wai Chung Cheung The University of Hong Kong
This talk will reflect on the future of education in facilitating the global exchange of ideas in Hong Kong from past events. Sun Yi-xian is well-known for his contribution in transforming imperial China to republican China in January 1912. However, contemporary researches often neglected the relationship between Sun’s educational background in Hong Kong and his doctrines. As a result, this talk will first discuss the nature of Sun’s Chinese nationalism as a product of his intelligence and global exchange of ideas. During his studies in the Diocesan Boys’ School, the Central School, and the College of Medicine for Chinese in Hong Kong, he was enlightened by different scholars and gained more knowledge about republican ideas, showing that global exchange of ideas played a pivotal role in the development of his doctrine. Although Hong Kong was regarded as a ‘barren rock’ by some scholars, Sun recognized Hong Kong’s contributions in developing his doctrine during his visit to the University of Hong Kong in 1923. Therefore, it is vital to trace Sun Yi-xian doctrines’ origins from a micro perspective – his school days in Hong Kong. The case study reflects the interconnections between global and local affairs in Hong Kong. Unique geographical importance also contributed to the cross-cultural exchanges in colonial Hong Kong. Sun’s Chinese nationalism doctrine was nurtured in such circumstances. After discussing the past events, we will eventually reflect on how today's education is or is not shaping Hong Kong people’s global citizenship in the future.